• Lev Kantorovich
Part of the Fundamental Theories of Physics book series (FTPH, volume 136)


This is really a huge subject, only a short introduction will be given. Essential quantities and notions will be introduced and explained. We will be mainly concerned with paramagnetism (induced magnetic moment is directed along the applied magnetic field), diamagnetism (opposite to the field) and also ferro- and antiferromagnetism where spontaneous magnetisation (without any applied field) and other interesting properties are observed. We shall start by recalling several important points from classical electrodynamics and quantum mechanics related to magnetism (see e.g. [55, 14]).


Magnetic Field Partition Function Applied Magnetic Field Free Energy Density Spontaneous Magnetisation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lev Kantorovich
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsKing’s College LondonLondonUK

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