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Air Ionization by CR, Influence on the Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation

  • Lev I. Dorman
Chapter
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Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 303)

Abstract

The first observations of CR influence on the ionosphere and radio wave propagation were made during event of February 23, 1956 — the biggest Ground Level Event (GLE), observed in the last approximately 80 years. Let us consider some important results obtained in connection with this GLE.

Keywords

Solar Energetic Particle Ionization Rate Solar Energetic Particle Event Atmospheric Depth Virtual Dipole Moment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lev I. Dorman
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Israel Cosmic Ray Center, Space Weather Center, and Emilio Segrè ObservatoryTel Aviv University, Israel Space Agency, and TechnionQazrinIsrael
  2. 2.Cosmic Ray Department of IZMIRANRussian Academy of ScienceTroitskRussia

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