Light Years pp 11-26 | Cite as

The Philosophers

  • Brian Clegg
Part of the Macmillan Science book series (MACSCI)


In Neolithic Britain, from around 3000 BC, Stonehenge acted as both a temple of light and a marker of the important seasonal changes predicted by the movement of the Sun. By the time Stonehenge was at its peak, 1500 years later, the Egyptians linked the Sun with a god — the god, Ra, creator of the Universe, first among the deities. The Sun was thought to be Ra’s eye, the source of all life and creation. Light and warmth poured from the god, at the same time a gift and something to fear. In a papyrus dating from 1300 BC, a priest-scribe noted the thoughts of Ra himself:

I am the one who opens his eyes and there is light. When his eyes close, darkness falls.


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© Brian Clegg 2008

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  • Brian Clegg

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