The Lineage in Society and State
In Kwangtung, four out of every five peasants, or more, live with their clans [lineages]. Usually one village is inhabited by one clan. Even if there is more than one clan, each clan occupies a distinct section of the village; there is hardly a mixed neighborhood. In Chao-an, for instance, nearly one-half of the villages of the entire district are inhabited by people bearing the same clan name. More than one-half of the villages of Hwei-yang are so inhabited … we can safely say that one-third of the cultivated land of the entire province is clan land.1
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