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Castlereagh pp 40-87 | Cite as

India and the War against Napoleon 1802–9

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Abstract

In the leisurely manner of the early nineteenth century, several weeks elapsed before the transfer of power from Pitt to Adding-ton was completed. Castlereagh was able to use this interval to make a favourable impression as a government spokesman; when he subsequently spoke as a private member he was already a marked man, and few were surprised when Addington offered him the Presidency of the Board of Control in June 1802. Although Pitt was still encouraging his supporters to assist the government, Castlereagh’s acceptance represented a considerable change from his original attitude to the new ministry. With Pitt committed to the postponement of the Catholic question during the King’s lifetime, Castlereagh was not disposed to waste time in idle opposition on behalf of distant and speculative objectives.1 He did propose state endowment of the Catholic clergy of Ireland to Addington, but did not press the matter.

Keywords

Continental System British Army British Troop British Trade Regular Army 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    Lord Curzon, British Government in India (1925), i. 71. For Castlereagh at the Board of Control see especially C. H. Philips, East India Co. Google Scholar
  2. 1.
    P. Guedalla, The Duke (1931), pp. 109, 114.Google Scholar
  3. S. G. P. Ward, Wellington (1963), pp. 32–33, 42–43.Google Scholar
  4. 1.
    A. Bryant, Years of Victory (1944), pp. 36 ff. Marriott, pp. 98–99.Google Scholar
  5. 1.
    Sidmouth Correspondence, ii. 325, 355–6. D. Marshall, The Rise of Canning (1938), pp. 251–2, 259. Ziegler, pp. 210–11, 226.Google Scholar
  6. 1.
    Fortescue, History of the British Army, iv, pt. 2, 871 ff. For this problem, and the following paragraphs on military reform, see R. Glover, Peninsular Preparation, passim, and S. G. P. Ward, Wellington’s Headquarters (1957).Google Scholar
  7. 1.
    E. S. Turner, Gallant Gentlemen (1956), pp. 118–19.Google Scholar
  8. 1.
    Fortescue, British Statesmen of the Great War (1911), pp. 177–80. Barnes, pp. 464–6.Google Scholar
  9. 2.
    P. Mackesy, The War in the Mediterranean, 1803–10 (1957), especially pp. 56–58, 68–73, 89–93. Maurice, ii. 134–5.Google Scholar
  10. 1.
    A. H. Burne, The Noble Duke of York (1949), pp. 256–7.Google Scholar
  11. 2.
    F. Crouzet, L’Économie Britannique et le Blocus Continental, 1806–13 (1958), provides the best full analysis.Google Scholar
  12. 1.
    L. A. Thiers, Histoire du Consulat et de l’Empire (1845–69), xi. 218.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© C. J. Bertlett 1966

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