Two Campaigns

  • J. T. Ward


1843 started dramatically. On 21 January Edward Drummond, the Premier’s secretary, was murdered by the crazy Daniel McNaughten, in mistake, it appeared, for Peel himself. Many were inclined to blame the League. ‘The more we hunt out these Leaguers, the viler vermin we shall find them …’, Croker told Graham, recalling Bayley’s words.1 In February Bright advised Cobden that

Peel is fearful and wavering. Thy attacks must be upon him — give him all the responsibility — he can’t long bear up under it….


Free Trade Factory Movement Factory Child Religious Liberty Religious Doubt 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 3.
    P. Harwood: Six Lectures on the CL Monopoly and Free Trade (1843), 1–26.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    J. Almack: Character, Motives and Proceedings of the ACL Leaguers (1843), passim.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    W. B. Ferrand: The Distress of the Country. Speech … Feb. 13, 1843 (1843), 5–24; FP, III, 8, 10–12 (25 Feb., 11–25 Mar.).Google Scholar
  4. 10.
    W. B. Ferrand: Allotment of Waste Lands. Speech … Mar. 30, 1843 (1843), 6–28; The Times, 31 Mar.; FP, III, 16 (22 Apr.).Google Scholar
  5. 23.
    J. C. Symons: Light and Life for the People (1843), 10; Strictures on the Education Clauses of the Altered Factories Bill (1843), 4.Google Scholar
  6. 24.
    J. C. Evans: Letter to Sir J. Graham, Bart. (1843), 3;Google Scholar
  7. F. A. Cox: No Modifications. A Letter … to Lord J. Russell (1843), 9;Google Scholar
  8. A. Reed: Factories Education Bill. A Speech (1843), 6, 7, 12; DA, 9 June.Google Scholar
  9. 25.
    H. Dunn: The Bill or the Alternative (1843), 9, 18.Google Scholar
  10. 26.
    An Analytical Digest of the Education Clauses … (1843), 13, 38–9; E. Baines, jr.: The Social, Educational and Religious State of the Manufacturing Districts … (London and Leeds, 1843), passim. Google Scholar
  11. LM, 22 Apr.; E. Baines, jr.: The Labour Clauses of Sir J. Graham’s Factory Bill (1843), 10.Google Scholar
  12. 28.
    Reasons against Government Interference in Education (1843), passim; S. Murch: Ten Objections against the Factories Education Bill (1843), 6, 9, 10.Google Scholar
  13. 31.
    A Few Words to Lord Ashley from a Country Clergyman (1843); G. W. Sandys: A Letter to … Sir J. R. G. Graham … (1843), 9, 13.Google Scholar
  14. 33.
    F. Smith: Life of Sir J. Kay-Shuttleworth (1923), 148.Google Scholar
  15. 35.
    Gladstone to Hook, 12 Mar. 1838 (Lord Morley: The Life of W. E. Gladstone (1903), I, 148; cf. ib. II, 299); cf. A. F. Robbins: The Early Public Life of W. E. Gladstone (1894), 346 seq. Google Scholar
  16. 43.
    PP, 1843, XXVII, 385; Hook to Saunders, 6, to Gladstone, 28 Mar. (W. R. W. Stephens: Life and Letters of W. F. Hook (1879), II, 113–16); W. F. Hook: On the Means of rendering more efficient the education of the people (1846). Saunders asserted that Baines had misinterpreted a private letter, dishonestly obtained; and Hook denied Baines’ charges in the British Mag.; see Self-Exposure of Mr. E. Baines … (Leeds, 1843), LM, 7, LI, 7, 14 Oct.Google Scholar
  17. 52.
    Hodder, I, 514, 519–22; Cobden to Henry Cole, 22, 27 June 1839 (McCord, 69–70); see A. Somerville: The Autobiography of a Working Man (1848), The Whistler at the Plough (Manchester, 1852), 32–6,Google Scholar
  18. and H. Martineau: Thirty Years Peace (1849), II, 553.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© J. T. Ward 1962

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. T. Ward

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations