Family and Socialization in an Upper-Class Community

  • John R. Seeley
  • R. Alexander Sim
  • Elizabeth Loosley


The family of Crestwood Heights1 consists of father, mother, and two (rarely more) children. The children are healthy, physically well developed, attractively dressed, and poised as to outward behaviour. The mother, assured in manner, is as like an illustration from Vogue or Harper’s Bazaar as financial means and physical appearance will allow. The father, well tailored, more or less successful in radiating an impression of prosperity and power, rounds out the family group.


Child Care Family Life Male Career Occupational Role Emotional Security 
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  1. 4.
    In 1951 there were 4,130 families in the community, comprising 13,301 persons — 87 per cent of the total population. In Big City, 79 per cent of the population lived in family groups. Dominion Bureau of Statistics, Ninth Census of Canada 1951 (Ottawa: Queen’s Printer, 1953), bulletin 31, table 129.Google Scholar
  2. 10.
    Cf. D. F. Aberle and K. D. Naegele, “Middle-Class Fathers’ Occupational Role and Attitudes towards Children”, American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, XXII (1952), pp. 366–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 14.
    Cf. T. Parsons, “Age and Sex in the Social Structure of the United States”, in Personality in Nature, Society and Culture, ed. C. Kluckhohn and H. A. Murray (2nd ed., New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1953), pp. 363–75,Google Scholar
  4. and C. Thompson, “Cultural Pressures in the Psychology of Women”, and “The Role of Women in This Culture”, in A Study of Interpersonal Relations: New Contributions to Psychiatry, ed. P. Mullahy (New York: Hermitage Press, Inc., 1949), pp. 130–46, 147–61,Google Scholar
  5. as well as F. R. Kluckhohn, “The American Family: Past and Present”, in Patterns for Modern Living (Chicago: Delphian Society, 1952).Google Scholar
  6. 15.
    M. A. Ribble, The Rights of Infants: Early Psychological Needs and Their Satisfaction (New York: Columbia University Press, 1943).Google Scholar
  7. 18.
    C. M. Arensberg and S. T. Kimball, Family and Community in Ireland (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1940).Google Scholar
  8. 25.
    J. C. Flügel, The Psycho-Analytic Study of the Family (London: International Psycho-Analytical Press, 1921),Google Scholar
  9. or T. Benedek, “The Emotional Structure of the Family”, in The Family: Its Function and Destiny, ed. R. N. Anshen (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1949), pp. 202–25.Google Scholar
  10. 26.
    Cf. G. H. Caster, “Some Socio-Cultural Perspectives on the Behaviour Patterns of Ten Jewish Children in [Crestwood Heights]” (M.S. thesis, New York School of Social Work, Columbia University, 1952). This study of highly mobile Jewish families in the Elm Prep area would tend to corroborate this view — except for crises and other special situations.Google Scholar
  11. 27.
    Cf. N. W. Bell, “Family Reactions to Strain: The Impact of the Genesis and Treatment of Social and Emotional Problems in Children” (Master’s thesis, DePartment of Political Economy, University of Toronto, 1953).Google Scholar
  12. 28.
    Cf. E. W. Loosley, “The Home and School Association as a Socializing Agency in an Upper- Middle-Class Canadian Community” (Master’s thesis, DePartment of Education, Division of the Social Sciences, University of Chicago, 1952), pp. 137–8.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Macmillan Company of Canada Limited 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • John R. Seeley
  • R. Alexander Sim
  • Elizabeth Loosley

There are no affiliations available

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