The Polemicists: David Walker, Frederick Douglass, Booker T. Washington, and W. E. B. Du Bois
The prevailing conditions of the nineteenth century, and the crushing force and dehumanizing effects of chattel slavery, produced a cadre of American writers, black and white, who denounced the social and economic aberration which engulfed them. From among these rose four of the most outstanding polemicists of that century: David Walker (1785–1830), Frederick Douglass (1817–1895), Booker T. Washington (1856–1915), and W. E. B. Du Bois (1868–1963). No two of these were of the same mold, yet they overlapped in style as well as in time. Though their polemics responded to the conditions of the nineteenth century, their lives span the life of the American nation from the birth of David Walker in 1785 to the death of W. E. B. Du Bois in 1963.
KeywordsGarden City Biographical Sketch Black Leader Black Folk Associate Publisher
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