Differing Ways of Reading, Differing Views of the Law

The Catholic Church and its Treatment of the Jewish Question during Vichy
  • Richard H. Weisberg
Chapter

Abstract

The reaction of the Roman Catholic Church to the Holocaust is a vast and contentious subject. With a natural focus on the Pontiff, Pope Pius XII, many historians have tried to parse the often baroque political and diplomatic record of the years 1933–1944; playwrights and theologians have added their words to this attempt at veracity. And now the Vatican itself has convened a distinguished commission to peruse documents hitherto closed to scholars.

Keywords

Europe Coherence Assimilation Expense Dine 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Vesna Drapac, War and Religion: Catholics in the Churches of Occupied Paris (Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1998). I am indebted to Michael Marrus for calling my attention to this work.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Birnbaum, Anti-Semitism in France (Oxford: Blackwell, 1992), chapter 4 and passim. Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    Baudry and Ambre, La Condition publique et privee du Juif en France (le statut des Juifs): Traite theorique et pratique (Lyon: Desvigne et cie., 1942), p.15.Google Scholar
  4. 8.
    André Broc, La Qualité dejuif; une notion juridique nouvelle (Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1943), p.14.Google Scholar
  5. 28.
    Friedlander, Pius XII and the Third Reich (New York.: Knopf, 1966), p.92.Google Scholar
  6. 40.
    See, most recently, Maurice Rajsfus, N’Oublie pas le petit Jésus (Paris: Manya, 1994).Google Scholar
  7. 54.
    A.N. Wilson, Paul: the Mind of the Apostle (London: Pimlico, 1998), p. 196.Google Scholar
  8. 56.
    Littell, The Crucifixion of the Jews, (New York: Harper & Row, 1975), p. 84–5.Google Scholar
  9. 62.
    I. W. Slotki, ed., Isaiah (London: the Soncino Press, 1949, p.261) — the Soncino version being a respected commentary on the Tanakh — no Jewish reader, even after the long centuries of Christian interpretation (and surely not at the origins) would even imagine that this text has anything to do with a figure like Jesus. See e.g., Rabbi A.J. Rosenberg, ‘So-called Christological Inferences’, in ‘Preface’, The Book of Isaiah vol.2 (New York: The Judaica Press, 1995), pp.xiv–xv. Most Jews have not even thought about the idea. John, however, indicates that some had to in the days of the historical Jesus. He does not seem very sympathetic with their quite traditional and utterly mandated scepticism in the face of such uses of sacred texts.Google Scholar
  10. 63.
    Samuel N. Hoenig, The Essence of Talmudic Law and Thought (N.J. and London: Aronson, 1967), p.13.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2001

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  • Richard H. Weisberg

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