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Yugoslav Jews Fleeng the Holocaust, 1941–1945

  • Milan Ristović
Chapter

Abstract

From april 1941, the Yugoslav Jewish community was the target of the brutal anti-Semitic policies of the occupying forces and local collaborators. During the four war years, 60,000 people, 80% of the community, were killed at places of execution and in death camps in Yugoslavia or in territories of the German Reich. Some 3,000–5,000 Jews — foreign nationals and refugees from Germany, Austria and Czechoslovakia — were in Yugoslavia when the war broke out. Most of them perished. Of the 121 Jewish communes that existed in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia until 1941, many lost the majority of their members during the war or were completely extinguished. Between 8,000 and 10,000 Yugoslav Jewish citizens survived the war by hiding, fleeing or being interned in Italy.

Keywords

Jewish Community Concentration Camp Mixed Marriage Refugee Problem Jewish Organization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milan Ristović

There are no affiliations available

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