Memory, Representation and Education

  • David Cesarani


The post-modern sensibility is dominated by considerations of memory and representation. I want to explore the connection between memory and representation and speculate on some of the implications which this has for education about the Nazi persecution and mass murder of the Jews, its aftermath, and legacy.1


Mass Murder Human Predicament Jewish Intellectual Nuremberg Tribunal Warsaw Ghetto 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    For a useful discussion of some of these issues in the context of Jewish history and culture, see Glenda Abrahamson (ed.), Modern Jewish Mythologies (Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College Press, 1999). The journal History and Memory is devoted to the subject.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pierre Nora (ed.), The Realms of Memory, vols 1–2, trans. A Goldhammer (New York: Columbia University Press, 1996).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Geoffrey Hartman (ed.) Holocaust Remembrance. The Shapes of Memory (Oxford: Blackwell, 1994), p.4.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Robert Hughes, The Culture of Complaint (London: Harvill, 1994), pp.7, 12.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Andreas Huyssen, Twilight Memories (London: Routledge, 1995), p.3.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    John Bodnar, Remaking America. Public Memory, Commemoration and Patriotism in the Twentieth Century (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1991) on the manipulation and censorship of memory for present ends.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    See, for example, the essays and testimony in Dalia Ofer and Lenore Weitzmann (eds), Women in the Holocaust (New York: Yale University Press, 1998).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    John Fentress and Chris Wickham, Social Memory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992);Google Scholar
  9. Agnes Heller, A Theory of History (London: Routledge, Kegan, Paul, 1972), chapter 3.Google Scholar
  10. 9.
    Luisa Passerini, Fascism in Popular Memory (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988), pp. 19–34;Google Scholar
  11. Paul Johnson et al (eds), Making Histories (Birmingham: Centre for Cultural Studies, 1982), pp.228–9.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Peter Novick, The Holocaust in American Life (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1999), pp.86–7, 92–8.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bryan Cheyette, ‘The Ethical Uncertainty of Primo Levi’ in Bryan Cheyette and Laura Marcus (eds), Modernity, Culture and ‘the Jew’ (Stanford, Cal.: Stanford University Press, 1998), pp.268–81.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    See David Cesarani, Arthur Koestler. The Homeless Mind (London: Heinemann, 1999).Google Scholar
  15. 17.
    Michael Marrus, The Nuremberg War Crimes Trial 1945–46. A Documentary History (New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 1997)Google Scholar
  16. 18.
    Raul Hilberg, ‘Writing the History of the Shoah’, in Jacques Fredj (ed.), Les Archives de la Shoah (Paris: L’Harmattan, 1998), pp.408–9.Google Scholar
  17. Cf. Michael Marrus, ‘The Holocaust at Nuremberg’, Yad Vashem Studies 26 (1998), pp.4–42.Google Scholar
  18. 19.
    The subject was considered to be so unattractive was that when Hilberg asked the political scientist Franz Neumann to supervise his Ph.D. on Nazi policy towards the Jews, Neumann commented, ‘Its your funeral’, Raul Hilberg, The Politics of Memory (Chicago: Ivan R Dee, 1996), p.66.Google Scholar
  19. 25.
    Eva Hoffman, Lost in Translation (London: Heinemann, 1989);Google Scholar
  20. Anne Karpf, The War After. Living With the Holocaust (London: Heinemann, 1996);Google Scholar
  21. Dan Jacobson, Heshel’s Kingdom (London: Hamish Hamilton, 1998);Google Scholar
  22. Lisa Appignanesi, Losing the Dead. A Family Memoir (London: Chatto and Windus, 1999);Google Scholar
  23. Victor Jeleniewski Seidler, Shadows of the Shoah. Jewish Identity and Belonging (Oxford: Berg, 2000).Google Scholar
  24. 26.
    Raul Hilberg, The Politics of Memory; Peter Gay, My German Question. Growing Up in Nazi Berlin (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998), pp.155–206.Google Scholar
  25. 27.
    Michael Ignatieff, Isaiah Berlin (London: Chatto and Windus, 1998);Google Scholar
  26. Ben Roger, A.J. Ayer (London: Chatto and Windus, 1999).Google Scholar
  27. 28.
    See Norman Finkelstein, The Holocaust Industry (London: Verso, 2000).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Cesarani

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations