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Sephardic and Oriental Oral Testimonies

Their Importance for Holocaust Commemoration and Memory
  • Yitzchak Kerem
Chapter

Abstract

In the absence of documentation, oral testimonies of Sephardic and Oriental Holocaust survivors serve as important sources for remembering and learning about the Holocaust in the Balkans, North Africa, and Iraq during World War II. Furthermore, the published testimonies are an additional way of including Sephardic and Oriental Jewry in the Holocaust historiography, which has largely ignored the non-Ashkenazic Jews who suffered in the Holocaust in the death camps, in hiding, or during their escape from their home countries. Since Holocaust museum exhibitions have often failed to represent Sephardic Jewry as Holocaust victims, Sephardi oral testimonies are educational tools and vehicles for raising public awareness about the theme.

Keywords

Jewish Community Oral History Holocaust Survivor Death Camp Oral Testimony 
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Notes

  1. 1.
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  21. 17.
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    Rebecca Camhi Fromer, The House By The Sea, A Portrait Of The Holocaust in Greece (San Francisco: Mercury House, 1998).Google Scholar
  33. 28.
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  35. 30.
    See the Auschwitz song of Salonikan survivor David Haim ‘Siete Dias Seradas’ in Susana Weich-Shahak, Buketto de Copias (Jerusalem: Renanot, 1993);Google Scholar
  36. Susana Weich-Shahak and Edwin Seroussi, Tsror Shirim Mipee Yehudei Sefarad [A String of Songs from Sephardic Jewry] (Jerusalem: Renanot, 1992); and National Sound Archive (Phonoteka). Jerusalem. Recording of Rene Bivas (Salonika), NSA D-30/27 Recorded by Susana Weich-Shahak, Tel Aviv, 7 November 1993.Google Scholar
  37. See also Moshe Aelion, ‘La Jovenika a Lager’ (The Young Girl in the Camp) Aki Yerusalayim 57 (1998), pp.54–56.Google Scholar
  38. 31.
    Isaac Jack Levy, Jewish Rhodes: A Lost Culture (San Francisco: Judah L. Magnes Museum, 1989), pp.80–83.Google Scholar
  39. 32.
    Shmuel Refael, ‘The Holocaust in the Poetry of Haim Hazan from Salonica’ in Shmuel Refael (ed.), We Shall Not Forget! Annual, Second Generation Organization of Greek Holocaust Survivors from Death Camps, vol.xiv (Tel Aviv: Second Generation Organization of Greek Holocaust Survivors from Death Camps, 1999) pp.56–57 [Hebrew];Google Scholar
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  41. and Shmuel Refael, ‘The Subject of the Holocaust in Current Ladino Song’, Apirion 9 (1998), pp.60–64 [Hebrew].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2001

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  • Yitzchak Kerem

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