Stewart W. Herman, Pastor of the American Church in Berlin 1935–42, and Hitler’s Persecution of the Jews

  • Ronald Webster


Although this paper focuses on the attitude and involvement with the Jewish ‘question’ of one American Lutheran clergyman, Dr. Stewart Herman, it should not be assumed that on this issue Herman stood apart from the mainstream in his homeland. He has been singled out here because, as a representative of this mainstream, he held a unique position in Hitler’s Germany in the crucial years between 1935 and 1941. As the pastor of a non-denominational Berlin Protestant church, a relatively prominent figure in the city’s social and diplomatic world, Herman became deeply engaged in the events surrounding the plight of Berlin’s Jews. Before considering his experiences, however, it is important make some brief introductory observations about the sentiments on the Jews of leading contemporary American Lutherans.


Protestant Church Jewish Question Jewish Religion Letter Home Jewish Survivor 
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  1. 1.
    On the NLC see Frederick K. Wentz, Lutherans in Concert: The Story of the National Lutheran Council, 1918–1966. (Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1968).Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    See J. H. Schjorring, P. Kumari and N. Hjelm (eds.), From Federation to Communion, The History of the Lutheran World Federation (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1997).Google Scholar
  3. 10.
    See Deborah Lipstadt, Beyond Belief (Detroit. Free Press, 1986), p. 127.Google Scholar
  4. 49.
    See R Gutteridge, Open Thv Mouth for the Dumb! The German Evangelical Church and the Jews 1879 – 1950 (Oxford: Blackwell, 1976).Google Scholar
  5. and R. Ericksen, Theologians Under Hitler (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald Webster

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