Advertisement

Norway

  • Torgeir Aarvaag Stokke
Chapter
Part of the The Societies of Europe book series (SOEU)

Abstract

Norway’s small Northern European export-orientated economy has always been based on natural resources: wood, hydropower, and-more recently-offshore oil. Like Sweden, from which it gained full independence in 1905, Norway industrialized later but more rapidly than Denmark, on which it depended until 1814. Enjoying a long democratic tradition, having gained national independence late, and benefiting from its profitable natural resources, the Norwegian people twice voted to stay out of the European Community. To a large degree, Norwegian labour relations follow the Nordic model set by Sweden: a social compromise between organized capital and labour leading to relatively centralized bargaining practices and concertation with the state in social and economic policies. Nevertheless, before the 1930s, Norwegian labour relations were relatively conflictual, with syndicalist tendencies prevailing. In addition to labour conflict, Norway’s social and political landscape exhibits traditional crosscutting rural-urban and centre-periphery cleavages, while the Norwegians are predominantly Protestant.

Keywords

Private Sector Public Sector Collective Bargaining Labour Relation Labour Party 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. AF (1975-), Beretning 1975-. Oslo: Akademikernes Fellesorganisasjon (annually).Google Scholar
  2. Bain, G., and R. Price (1980), Profiles in Union Growth. Oxford: Basil Blackwell (Chap. 9: ‘Norway’).Google Scholar
  3. Colbjörnsen, T., et al. (1984), Så samles vi på valen …? Oslo: Faforeport.Google Scholar
  4. Dölvik, J., and T. Stokke (1998), ‘Norway: The Revival of Centralized Concertation’. In A. Ferner and R. Hyman, eds. Changing Industrial Relations in Europe. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 118–45.Google Scholar
  5. —(1999), ‘Norwegian Trade Unionism Between Traditionalism and Modernisation’. In R. Hoffmann and J. Waddington, eds. Trade Unions in Europe: Facing the Challenges. Brussels: ETUI.Google Scholar
  6. Fennefoss, A. (1988), Lönnstakerorganisering (Report). Oslo: FAFO.Google Scholar
  7. Fivelsdal, E. (1965), ‘White-Collar Unions and the Norwegian Labour Movement’. Industrial Relations 5(1): 80–92.Google Scholar
  8. Galenson, W. (1949), Labor in Norway. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. —(1952), ‘Scandinavia’. In W. Galenson, ed. Comparative Labor Movements. New York: Russell (Reprint 1968), 104–72.Google Scholar
  10. Grimsrud, B., and T. Stokke (1997), Collective Bargaining and Labour Market Flexibility in Norway. Paper Prepared for an ILO Project (FAFO Paper). Oslo: FAFO.Google Scholar
  11. LO (1946-), Beretning [for] 1945. Oslo: Landsorganisasjonen i Norge [1946–57: Arbeidernes Faglige Landsorganisasjon] (annually).Google Scholar
  12. Lorenz, E. (1991), ‘Norway’. In J. Campbell, ed. European Labor Unions. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 323–39.Google Scholar
  13. Nergaard, K., and T. Stokke (1996), Organisasjonsgraden malt gjennom AKU 2. Kvartal 1995. Oslo: FAFO.Google Scholar
  14. — (1998), ‘Norway’. In G. Fajertag, ed. Collective Bargaining in Western Europe. Brussels: ETUI.Google Scholar
  15. Nyhamar, J. (1990), Nye utfordringer. Arbeiderbevegelsen i Norge nr. 6. Oslo: Tiden.Google Scholar
  16. Rokkan, S. (1966), ‘Norway: Numerical Democracy and Corporate Pluralism’. In R. Dahl, ed. Political Opposition in Western Democracies. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 70–115.Google Scholar
  17. [Statistical Yearbook] (1945–), Statistisk Årbok 1945–. Oslo: Statistisk Sentralbyrå (annually).Google Scholar
  18. Stokke, T. (1995), ‘Organisasjonsgraden på arbeidstakersiden 1956–1994. Et tabellnotat’. FAFO notat 857. Oslo: FAFO.Google Scholar
  19. —(1998), Utmeldinger i LOforbundene på 1990tallet (Report). Oslo: FAFO.Google Scholar
  20. Terjesen, E. (1990), ‘Norway’. In M. van der Linden and J. Rojahn, eds. The Formation of Labour Movements 1879–1914. 2 vols. Leiden: E. J. Brill, Vol. 1, 103–30.Google Scholar
  21. Visser, J. (1989), European Trade Unions in Figures. Deventer: Kluwer (‘Norway’, Chap. 7).Google Scholar
  22. YS (1977–), Beretning 1977. Oslo: Yrkesorganisasjonenes Sentralforbund (irregular).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Bernhard Ebbinghaus and Jelle Visser 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Torgeir Aarvaag Stokke

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations