Under the influence of the 1830 revolution in France, Denmark passed the laws of 28 May 1831 and 15 May 1834 creating Danish provincial assemblies based on estate representation. These assemblies were consultative bodies. In 1843, Iceland established its own assembly (Alpingi), a consultative body under Danish rule which assembled for the first time in 1845. The name was originally used for the assembly established already in 930, where the representatives of the districts of the Commonwealth of Iceland met. It underwent a long decline first under Norwegian rule (1262–1379), and then under Danish rule from 1380 (see also Country Chapter 3 on Denmark).
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