• Daniele Caramani
Part of the The Societies of Europe book series (SOEU)


With the territorial reorganization of Europe in 1815 after the Napoleonic wars (Congress of Vienna), the different German states covered approximately the territories of the Second German Empire (Zweites Reich or Altes Reich) unified by Bismarck in 1871. This empire in not the continuation of the First German Empire (Erstes Reich), that is, the Holy Roman Empire that in the sixteenth century assumed the name of Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation (Heiliges Römisches Reich deutscher Nation) which formally ended when Napoleon marched across the Rhine in 1806.


Electoral System Territorial Unit Direct Election Land Level Weimar Republic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Daniele Caramani 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniele Caramani

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations