The Federal Model: Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island

  • David Milne


A visitor to Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island could easily be struck by the profoundly different images and landscapes of these two North Atlantic islands. Though jointly sharing the distinction of the only island provinces of Canada, the cold, mighty and proverbial Newfoundland rock, even before its binding with mainland Labrador in 1927,1 scarcely conforms to the quiet agricultural pastoralism of Prince Edward Island. Yet the paths of these two starkly different islands have none the less converged, setting them, as provinces within the Canadian federation, on a completely different trajectory and political framework from their North Atlantic island cousins. For unlike sovereignty models such as Iceland or federacy models such as the Isle of Man, federation dictated much stronger shared rule and integration, and correspondingly weaker patterns of self rule. This has, in turn, carried very practical consequences for economic development.


Political Economy Small Island North American Free Trade Agreement Diversification Strategy Resource Rent 
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© Godfrey Baldacchino and David Milne 2000

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  • David Milne

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