Once parents and communities lived knowing that many of their infants and children would fail to thrive and survive. It is only since the beginning of the twentieth century — and then only in relatively affluent and developed parts of the world — through improvements in hygiene, diet and medicine, that death in childhood has become exceptional. Indeed, more died in the first ten years of life than in any later ten-year period. The death of children was not only problematic medically, but also in its effect on the future of the family and the nation. As yet, though there is growing interest in the circumstances and significance of child death in history, there has been little serious investigation.
KeywordsChild Death Scarlet Fever Dead Child Bereave Parent Develop Part
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