Election Observation: Policies of the Netherlands Government 1992–7
Chapter 1 of this volume offered a general description of practices and problems of election observation. These outcomes were not explicitly linked to any conscious or systematic attempts of governments or (international) organizations to achieve certain effects, in other words to policies. The emergence of election observation has prompted many Western governments to formulate such policies for election observation missions. In this chapter I will review Dutch policies on election observation in Africa. Examining policies of Western countries is relevant because African democratization processes are increasingly affected by concepts and policies of Western donor countries. Western governments not only have made economic aid conditional upon democracy and the human rights performance of aid-receiving countries, they have also developed policies aimed at supporting these political reforms.
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