Robes of Honor in ‘Abbasid Baghdad During the Eighth to Eleventh Centuries

  • Dominique Sourdel
Part of the The New Middle Ages book series (TNMA)


Granting a costume that we usually call a “robe of honor” (in Arabic khil’a)1 to certain persons whom one wishes to distinguish has been practiced in the Orient since ancient times. In the countries of Islam, it appeared only in the eighth/second century and seems to have become widespread during the ninth through eleventh / third through fifth centuries.


Eleventh Century Military Commander Islam Traditionaliste Precious Stone Textile Museum 
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  1. 1.
    N. A. Stillman, “Khila,” in The Encyclopaedia of Islam. 2nd ed., ed. H. A. R. Gibb et al. (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1960). The second edition of The Encyclopaedia of Islam is cited hereafter as EI2, and the first edition as EI1.Google Scholar
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    See A. Hartmann, an-Nasir li-Din Allah (1180–1225) (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1975), 86 and n. 123.Google Scholar

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© Stewart Gordon 2001

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  • Dominique Sourdel

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