Re-Imagining Religion and Politics: Moroccan Elections in the 1990s

  • Dale F. Eickelman


Anthropologist Benedict Anderson argues that national and religious communities are imagined. They transcend the boundaries of face-to-face communities but are also less than universal, with “finite, if elastic, boundaries—sovereign, and with a deep, horizontal comradeship.”1 The affinities of religious and political identities are actively shaped and constrained by how both the elite and nonelite conceive them. Although not infinitely malleable, political and religious identities are not fixed and enduring, as some of their adherents claim.


Political Party Personal Interview Polling Place Parliamentary Election Mass Education 
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    Rémy Leveau, Le sabre et le turban: L’Avenir du Maghreb (Paris: François Bourin, 1993), p. 13. From 1958 until 1965, Leveau was a technical advisor to the Moroccan Ministry of the Interior. Among his responsibilities was laying the groundwork for the country’s first municipal and parliamentary elections.Google Scholar
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    The police official, Hajj Muhammad Mustafa Tabit, was arrested on February 18 and condemned to death on March 15. Moroccan newspapers, but not the broadcast media, carried daily reports. For an English summary of the trial and its implications, see Fiammetta Rocco, “The Shame of Casablanca,” The Independent on Sunday (London), May 9, 1993.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 1996

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  • Dale F. Eickelman

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