Relations with Guerrillas

  • Patrick L. Clawson
  • Rensselaer W. LeeIII


Perhaps because of the cocaine industry’s multifront challenges to the Andean governments, Washington has expressed concern about a connection between the cocaine industry and Marxist guerrilla groups. Indeed, the Reagan administration analyzed the drug problem within the framework of the East-West conflict. Administration officials spoke publicly and privately about a “deadly connection” and an “unholy alliance” between cocaine kings and guerrillas. A 1985 U.S. government report on Soviet influence in Latin America warned of an “alliance between drug smugglers and arms dealers in support of terrorists and guerrillas.”1 The idea of a narcoguerrilla alliance played very well in Washington, Bogotá, and Lima. In general, governments found it expedient to depict cocaine traffickers as hostile to the political order—working outside of the system—and the narcoguerrilla label served that purpose admirably.


Drug Trafficker Drug Lord Guerrilla Force Trafficking Group Coca Cultivation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 2.
    “Narcoguerilla,” Semana, September 27, 1994, p. 28; Gordon McCormick, The Shining Path and the Future of Peru. (Santa Monica, CA: RAND, March 1990), p. 22.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Michael Brown and Eduardo Fernandez, War of Shadows: The Struggle for Utopia in the Peruvian Amazon (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1991), p. 203;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. José Gonzáles, “Guerrillas and Coca in the Upper Huallaga Valley,” in David Scott Palmer, ed., Shining Path of Peru, 2nd ed. (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1994), p. 139;Google Scholar
  4. Simon Strong, Shining Path (New York: Times Books, 1992), pp. 114–115.Google Scholar
  5. 8.
    Peter Lupsha, “Nets of Affiliation in the Political Economy of Drug Trafficking and Transnational Crime,” in U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Intelligence and Research and the Central Intelligence Agency, Economics of the Narcotics Industry Conference Report (Washington DC: State Department and CIA, 1994).Google Scholar
  6. 10.
    USAID, “The Upper Huallaga Valley” (Lima: USAID, 1991), p. 3;Google Scholar
  7. and Jim Laity, “The Coca Economy in the Upper Huallaga” (Lima: USAID, 1989), p. 15.Google Scholar
  8. 19.
    Dario Betancourt and Martha Garcia, Contrabandistas, Marimberos y Mafiosos, (Bogotá: Tercer Mundo, 1994), pp. 124–125.Google Scholar
  9. 21.
    Cited in Carlos Medina Gallego, Autodefensas, Paramilitares y Narcotráfico En Colombia, (Bogotá: Editorial Documentos Periodisticos, 1990), p. 143.Google Scholar
  10. 23.
    Miguel Garcia, Los Barones de la Cocaína (Mexico City: Planeta, 1991), p. 104.Google Scholar
  11. 24.
    Maria Duzan, Death Beat (New York: Harper-Collins, 1994), p. 118.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Patrick L. Clawson and Rensselaer W. Lee III 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick L. Clawson
  • Rensselaer W. LeeIII

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations