United Nations (UN)

  • Nick Heath-Brown
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Origin and Aims. The United Nations is an association of states, or intergovernmental organizations, pledged to maintain international peace and security and to co-operate in solving international political, economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems. The name ‘United Nations’ was devised by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and was first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1 Jan. 1942, during the Second World War, when 26 nations pledged to continue fighting the Axis Powers.


Member State United Nations Security Council International Criminal Court International Peace 
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Further Reading

  1. Baehr, Peter R. and Gordenker, Leon, The United Nations: Reality and Ideal. 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beigbeder, Y., The Internal Management of United Nations Organizations: the Long Quest for Reform. 1996Google Scholar
  3. Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, Preventing Deadly Conflict: Final Report with Executive Summary. 1997Google Scholar
  4. Cortright, D. and Lopez, G. A., The Sanctions Decade: Assessing UN Strategies in the 1990s. 2000Google Scholar
  5. Durch, W. J., The Evolution of UN Peacekeeping: Case Studies and Comparative Analysis. 1993Google Scholar
  6. Fraser, Trudy, Maintaining Peace and Security?: The United Nations in a Changing World. 2014Google Scholar
  7. Gareis, S. B., The United Nations: An Introduction. 2nd ed. 2012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hoopes, T. and Brinkley, D., FDR and the Creation of the UN. 1998Google Scholar
  9. Kennedy, Paul, The Parliament of Man: The Past, Present, and Future of the United Nations. 2006Google Scholar
  10. Knight, W. Andy, Adapting the United Nations to a Postmodern Era. 2nd ed. 2005Google Scholar
  11. Meisler, S., United Nations: The First Fifty Years. 1998Google Scholar
  12. New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, United Nations Handbook 2014/15. 2014Google Scholar
  13. Parsons, A., From Cold War to Hot Peace: UN Interventions, 1947–94. 1995Google Scholar
  14. Price, Richard and Zacher, Mark W., United Nations and Global Security. 2004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Pugh, M., The UN, Peace and Force. 1997Google Scholar
  16. Simma, B. (ed.) The Charter of the United Nations: a Commentary. 1995Google Scholar
  17. Tannam, Etain, International Intervention in Ethnic Conflict: A Comparison of the European Union and the United Nations. 2014CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Editor(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nick Heath-Brown

There are no affiliations available

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