NGOs, Global Civil Society and Global Economic Regulation

  • Robert O’Brien

Abstract

In a period of less than a year three events dramatically highlighted the necessity for change in both the form and content of global governance. The three events were the Asian financial crisis of 1997–98, the failure of President Clinton’s attempt to secure fast-track negotiating authority from the US Congress in November 1997, and the postponement of the negotiations for the proposed OECD Multilateral Agreement on Investment (MAI) in April 1998. Each of these events illustrate the need for international regulation to be rooted in the democratic consent of national societies and the degree to which such regulation is likely to fail if it lacks a social element.

Keywords

Arena OECD Reformer 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Banks, M. (1988) ‘The Evolution of International Relations Theory’ in Banks, M. (ed.) Conflict in World Society. Harvester, Brighton.Google Scholar
  2. Burton, J. (1972) World Society. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Charnowitz, S. (1997) ‘Two Centuries of Participation: NGOs and International Governance’, Michigan Journal of International Law, vol. 182, 183–286.Google Scholar
  4. Cox, R. (ed.) (1997) The New Realism: Perspectives on Multilateralism and World Order. Macmillan/United Nations University Press, Basingstoke.Google Scholar
  5. De Jonquières, Guy (1998) ‘Network Guerrillas’, Financial Times, 30 March. Deacon, B., Hulse, M. and Stubbs, P. (1997) Global Social Policy; International Organizations and the Future of Welfare. Sage, London.Google Scholar
  6. Destler, I. M. (1992) American Trade Politics ( 2nd ed. ). International Institute for Economics, Washington DC.Google Scholar
  7. Edwards, M. and Hulme, D. (1995) Non-Governmental Organizations — Performance and Accountability: Beyond the Magic Bullet. Earthscan, London.Google Scholar
  8. Gill, S. (1990) American Hegemony and the Trilateral Commission. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  9. Goetz, A. M. (1988) ‘The World Bank and Women’s Movements’ in R. O’Brien et al. Complex Multilateralism. Unpublished manuscript, 25–58.Google Scholar
  10. Keck, M. and Sikkink, K (1998) Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics. Cornell University Press, Ithaca.Google Scholar
  11. Keohane, R. and Nye, J. (1977) Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition. Little, Brown and Company, Boston.Google Scholar
  12. Keohane, R. and Nye, J. (eds) (1972) Transnational Relations and World Politics. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  13. Lipow, A. (1996) Power and Counterpower: the Union Response to Global Capital. Pluto Press, London.Google Scholar
  14. Lipschutz, R. (1992) ‘Reconstructing World Politics: the Emergence of Global Civil Society’, Millennium, vol. 21, 389–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Moody, K. (1997) Workers in a Lean World: Unions in the International Economy. Verso, London.Google Scholar
  16. Murphy, C. (1994) International Organization and Industrial Change: Global Governance since 1850. Polity Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  17. NGLS (1996) ‘The United Nations, NGOs and Global Governance’, Development Dossiers. United Nations Non-Governmental Liaison Service, Geneva.Google Scholar
  18. O’Brien, R., Goetz, A. M., Scholte, J. and Williams, M. (1998) Complex Multilateralism: the Global Economic Institutions — Global Social MovementNexus. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  19. Peterson, M. (1992) ‘Transnational Activity, International Society and World Politics’, Millennium, vol. 21, 371–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. RIPE (1998) Special Issue on the Asian Financial Crisis, Review of International Political Economy, vol. 5(3) (Autumn).Google Scholar
  21. Risse-Kappen, T. (1995) ‘Structures of Governance and Transnational Relations: What Have We Learned?’ in T. Risse-Kappen (ed.) Bringing Transnational Relations Back In. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ruggie, J. (1993) ‘Multilateralism: the Anatomy of an Institution’ in Ruggie, J. (ed.) Multilateralism Matters: the Theory and Praxis of an Institutional Form. Columbia University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  23. Rupert, Mark (1995) ‘(Re) Politicizing the Global Economy: Liberal Common Sense and Ideological Struggle in the US NAFTA Debate.’ Review of International Political Economy, vol. 2, 658–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Shaw, M. (1994) Global Society and International Relations. Polity Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  25. Sklair, L. (1997) ‘Social Movements for Global Capitalism: the Transnational Capitalist Class in Action’, Review of International Political Economy, vol. 4 (3), 514–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Strange, S. (1989) Casino Capitalism. Basil Blackwell, Oxford.Google Scholar
  27. Strange, S. (1996) ‘Organized Crime: the Mafias’, in The Retreat of the State. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Strom, N. (1998) ‘Taking Stock of the NGO Activity on MAI’, ICDA Journal, vol. 6 (1), 60–4.Google Scholar
  29. Udall, L. (1995) ‘The International Narmada Campaign: a Case of Sustained Advocacy’ in W. Fisher (ed.) Toward Sustainable Development; Struggling over India’s Narmada River. M. E. Sharpe, New York.Google Scholar
  30. Van der Pijl, Kees (1984) The Making of an Atlantic Ruling Class. Verso, London.Google Scholar
  31. Wapner, P. (1995) ‘Politics Beyond the State Environmental Activism and World Civic Politics’, World Politics, vol. 47, 311–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. World Bank (1998) ‘Report and Recommendation of the President of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development to the Executive Directors on a Proposed Structural Adjustment Loan in an Amount Equivalent to US$2.0 Billion to the Republic of Korea’, 19 March.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Robert O’Brien 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert O’Brien

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations