Franco-German Military Relations
The relationship between France and Germany was characterised by enmity long before from the time of Napoleon to that of Charles de Gaulle. In the early spring of postwar Franco-German cooperation, European integration stalled after the Schuman Plan (ECSC) of 1951. Even with the rejection of the European Defence Community (EDC) Treaty by the French National Assembly in 1954, the years of common NATO membership in the late 1950s could not overcome centuries of military distrust and mutual suspicion. But this began to change in 1959 and especially in January 1963 when the relationship between de Gaulle and Chancellor Adenauer of the Federal Republic of Germany warmed up and common interests began to be identified.
KeywordsEurope Assure Triad Boulder International Atomic Energy Agency
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Notes and References
- 1.Henry A. Kissinger, The Troubled Partnership (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1965), P. 67.Google Scholar
- 2.Press and Information Services, 25 Jahre Elysée-Vertrag (Bonn: Federal Republic of Germany, 1989), p. 82.Google Scholar
- 8.David S. Yost, ‘Franco-German Defense Cooperation’, Washington Quarterly, Spring 1988, pp. 173–95.Google Scholar
- 10.For more details, see the interesting observations by Karl Kaiser and Pierre Lelouche, in ‘Das Deutsch-Französische Duo und die Sicherheit Europas: Gesamtschau und Empfehlungen’, in Kaiser and Lelouche (eds), Deutsch-Französische Sicherheitspolitik (Bonn: Europa Union Verlag, 1986), pp. 101–10.Google Scholar
- 18.Wolfram F. Hanrieder and Graeme P. Anton, The Foreign Policies of Germany, France, and Britain (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1960), pp. 108–9.Google Scholar
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- 22.See Haig Simonean, The Privileged Partnership (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985), pp. 315–21.Google Scholar
- 25.For further details see Luc Reychler, ‘Conclusion: Transforming Western European Security’, in Robert Rudney and Luc Reychler (eds), European Security Beyond the Year 2000 (New York: Praeger, 1988).Google Scholar
- 31.For details see Feld, European Security and Defense Policy (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner and London: Adamantine Press, 1993), pp. 102–5.Google Scholar
- 32.See also Geoffrey, Edwards and Simon Nutall, ‘Common Foreign and Defense Policy’ in Andrew Duff, John Pinder, and Roy Price (eds), Maastricht and Beyond: Building the European Union (London and New York: Routledge, 1994). pp. 84–103.Google Scholar