The Medium Run: Costs and International Competitiveness



Section 1 briefly reviews the phases of Malaysia’s development strategy in relation to international trade. Malaysia’s competitive edge on the world market is determined by Malaysian costs relative to those of competitors. Section 2 therefore looks at the recent evolution of Malaysia’s international competitiveness in terms of comparative unit costs. But there are many reasons to believe that costs incurred by producers may provide misleading signals with respect to the true comparative advantage of a nation: competitive edge and comparative advantage are generally not identical. Section 3 takes up this issue in the Malaysian context, to ask which elements of cost may have been particularly misleading. This serves as background to Section 4 which considers implications for Malaysia’s development strategy, mechanisms for exploiting comparative advantage, and possible reasons for wanting to depart from this path.


Exchange Rate Labour Cost Real Interest Rate International Competitiveness Unit Labour Cost 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Robert E. B. Lucas and Donald Verry 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Boston UniversityUSA
  2. 2.University College LondonUK

Personalised recommendations