Semantics is concerned with the association in the mind of the speaker and in that of the listener between the real world and utterances that represent it. For communication to take place the utterances have to pass from speaker to listener so that, by the principles of Ogden and Richards, they can be decoded to produce in the mind of the listener an image similar to the image that was in the mind of the speaker or so that, by the principles of the behaviourist Leonard Bloomfield (1933, pp. 22–7), they directly cause a reaction.
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