Armed Forces

  • Jaswant Singh

Abstract

Though our focus is on the armed forces of independent India, their evolution obviously predates 1947 by many millennia. Organization, structures, arms and capabilities all evolved with time. More relevant to our purpose is the military tradition, its ethos, the evolutionary process itself, almost as a continuum from ancient to medieval India, then to the British period, whereafter to partition, its consequences and thence to the armed forces of an independent India.

Keywords

Europe Income Radar Straw Egypt 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Philip Mason, A Matter of Honour (Jonathan Cape Ltd, London, 1974) p. 40.Google Scholar
  2. 17.
    Manohar Malgonkar, Kanhoji Angrey: The Maratha Admiral (1669–1729) (Asia Publishing House, New Delhi, 1959) pp. 29–54.Google Scholar
  3. 26.
    H. H. Dodwell, The Cambridge History of India, Vol. VI: The Indian Empire and The Last Phase (New Delhi: S. Chand & Company, 1969), p. 153.Google Scholar
  4. 35.
    Antony Brett-James, A Selection of His Wartime Letters 1794–1815 (London: Macmillan, 1961) pp. 22, 37, 38, 41, 42, 44.Google Scholar
  5. 44.
    Ian Copland, The Princes of India in the Endgame of Empire, (1917–1947), (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997) p. 8.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Jaswant Singh 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jaswant Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Planning Commission of IndiaNew DelhiIndia

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