The main purpose of this chapter is to analyse intra-industry trade and adjustment in the Portuguese economy.1 Portugal has traditionally been quite open to international trade — having been referred to already by Ricardo in his famous example of the theory of comparative advantage. It is still a moot point among economic historians, however, whether free trade was a priority of Portuguese policy in the postwar years. Salazar’s political ideology would have favoured a more inward-looking approach, but the realization of its external economic dependency as a small nation led Portugal to follow the main integration movements. Portugal was a founder member of the OEEC and EFTA, joined the GATT in 1962, signed wide-ranging free-trade agreements with the EEC in 1972 and 1976 and joined the Community in 1986.2


Trade Liberalization Trade Flow Trade Orientation Portuguese Economy Portuguese Trade 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Africano Silva, A. (1995) The Impact of European Community Membership on Portuguese Trade in Manufactured Goods, PhD thesis, University of Reading.Google Scholar
  2. Africano Silva, A. (1996) The Nature of Trade Changes Associated with Portuguese Membership of EC, in Curso de Estudos Europeus da Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de Coimbra, (ed.: Porto, M.) Integration and Specialization, Coimbra, 191-205.Google Scholar
  3. Aquino, A. (1978) ‘Intra-Industry Trade and Inter-Industry Specialization on Concurrent Sources of International Trade in Manufacturing’. Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 114, 275–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Buigues, P., Ilzkovitz, F. and Lebrun, J.F. (1990) ‘The Impact of the Internal Market by Industrial Sector: The Challenge for the Member States’, European Economy, Social Europe, special edition.Google Scholar
  5. Chouzal, C. (1992) Comércio Intra-Industrial. O Caso das RelaCÔes Comerciais entre Portugal e a Comunidade Europeia, Masters thesis, Economic School, University of Coimbra.Google Scholar
  6. Dias, J. (1996) ‘Comércio Intra-Ramo, Integraçâo Europeia e Competitividade: Uma Anâlise do Caso Português’, in Porto, M. (ed.), Integration and Specialization, Coimbra, 123–41.Google Scholar
  7. Faustino, H. (1996) Anâlise do Comércio Intra-Sectorial e das Vantagens Comparativas entre Portugal e Espanha para o periodo 1983–1992’, Notas Economicas. Revista da Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra 17, 66–88.Google Scholar
  8. Greenaway, D. and Hine, R.C. (1991) ‘Intra-Industry Specialisation, Trade Expansion and Adjustment in the European Economic Space’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 24, 603–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Grubel, H.C. and Lloyd, P.J. (1975) Intra-Industry Trade, London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  10. Havrylyshyn, O. and Civan, E. (1983) ‘Intra-Industry Trade and the Stage of Development: Regression Analysis of Industrial and Developing Countries’, in Tharakan, P.K.M. (ed.), Intra-Industry Trade: Empirical and Methodological Aspects, Amsterdam: North Holland.Google Scholar
  11. Macedo, J.B., Corado, C. and Porto, M. (1988) ‘The Timing and Sequencing of Trade Liberalization Policies: Portugal 1948–1986’, Working Paper No. 114, Faculdade de Economia da Universidade Nova de Lisboa.Google Scholar
  12. Papageorgiou, D., Choksi, A. and Michaely, M. (1991) Liberalising Foreign Trade in Developing Countries, Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  13. Porto, M. (1984) ‘Twenty Years of Change’, in Williams, A. (ed.), Southern Europe Transformed: Political and Economic Changes in Greece, Portugal and Spain, London: Harper and Row.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Centre of Research in European Development and International Trade (CREDIT) 1999

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations