The United Nations and the Crossroads of Reform

  • Abelardo Morales
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)

Abstract

During the 1990s, when the effects of the transition in world politics have resulted in new global and regional trends, a process of reform both of the United Nations System and of its role in world affairs has been initiated. Evolving from historic circumstances, the organizational and operational shift fuses the institutional process of the system in a new project. It involves cooperation among the great powers, consistent with universally accepted charter objectives: the maintenance of peace and international security; coexistence among nations; the protection of human rights; guarantees of equal sovereignty among states, and the promotion of economic progress and social development.

Keywords

Europe Amid Coherence Assure Sponge 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    See Cox, ‘Social Forces, States and World Orders: Beyond the International Relations Theory’, in Robert O. Keohane (ed.) Neorealism and Its Critics (New York: Columbia University Press, 1986).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Robert O. Keohane, International Institutions and State Power: Essays in International Relations Theory (Boulder: Westview Press, 1989).Google Scholar
  3. Keith Krause and W. Andy Knight, ‘Introduction: Evolution and Change in the United Nations System’, in Krause and Knight (eds) State, Society and the UN System (Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 1995).Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    Edelberto Torres Rivas, ‘Centroamérica ante las nuevas relaciones internacionales’, (Guatemala: FLACSO, 1992), p. 91.Google Scholar
  5. See also, Kees van der Pijl ‘The Cadre Class and Public Multilateralism’, in Yoshikazu Sakamoto, (ed.) Global Transformation: Challenges to the State System (Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 1994).Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    Francis Fukuyama, The End of History and the Last Man (New York: Free Press, 1992).Google Scholar
  7. 5.
    Boutros Boutros-Ghali, An Agenda for Peace (New York: Department of Public Information, United Nations, 1992) p. 1;Google Scholar
  8. UN Security Council, S/PV. 3046, 31 January 1992, p. 144, quoted by Robert O. Matthews, ‘United Nations Reform in the 1990s: North-South Dimensions’, in Matthews et al. The State of the United Nations, 1993: North-South Perspectives, The Academic Council on the United Nations System, Report and Papers 1993, no. 5, p. 28.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, Rebuilding Wartorn Societies, Reports of the Workshops of The Challenge of Rebuilding Wartorn Societies and the Social Consequences of the Peace Process in Cambodia, UNRISD, Geneva, September 1993, p. 11.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Carlos Faxio, ‘La ONU Gendarme de B. Ghali’, El Día Lationamericano, 23 August 1993, p. II.Google Scholar
  11. 13.
    Randall Forsberg, ‘Security Through Military Defense’, in Elise Boulding, (ed.) New Agendas for Peace Research Conflict and Security Reexamined (Boulder, Lynne Rienner, 1992) pp. 73–4; and James S. Sutterlin, ‘Military Force in the Service of Peace’, Aurora Papers, 18, Canadian Centre for Global Security.Google Scholar
  12. 14.
    Erskine Childers and Brian Urquhart, ‘Towards a More Effective United Nations’’, Development Dialogue, 1991:1–2 (Uppsala: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation).Google Scholar
  13. 24.
    James O.C. Jonah, ‘Differing State Perspectives on the United Nations in the Post-Cold War World’, ACUNS, Reports and Papers 1993, no. 4.Google Scholar
  14. 26.
    Gemot Kohler, ‘Global Apartheid’, World Order Models Projects, Working Paper no. 7, 1978; andGoogle Scholar
  15. Arjun Makhijani, ‘Global Apartheid and the Political Economy of War’, Conditions of Peace: An Inquiry (Washington: The Exploratory Project on the Conditions of Peace, 1991).Google Scholar
  16. 27.
    Report of the Brandt Commission, North-South Dialogue (Mexico: Editorial Nueva Imagen, 1981) p. 317.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The United Nations University 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abelardo Morales

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations