Five Alternative Scenarios for West European Unionism

  • Richard Hyman
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)


Attempts to redefine inherited trade union objectives and identities can prove difficult and even traumatic. Historically they have often been associated with ideological schisms in national labour movements, as in much of southern Europe during the onset of the cold war. Elsewhere, the struggle between competing union identities and ideologies was associated with bitter internal factionalism, with the victors at times excluding the losers from office or even from membership — as notably in the anticommunist witch-hunts in the United States and, less dramatically, in several countries of Northern Europe.


Trade Union Collective Bargaining Industrial Relation Alternative Scenario Political Exchange 
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© Richard Hyman 1999

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  • Richard Hyman

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