An Alternative Model
  • Jonathan Steinberg


Is Switzerland a multinational state? At first glance the answer must seem obvious. If language defines nationality, then a federation of twenty- six little, sovereign republics, where the inhabitants speak four ‘national languages’ (only three are used officially by the federal government), could hardly be anything else. Against that evidence I am going to argue that Switzerland is not a multinational state in the usual sense of the word but an exceptional historic entity which defies easy categories. Switzerland represents an alternative model of European development in which the national state evolved only very recently.


Direct Democracy Magic Formula Federal Councillor Cantonal Level Swiss Confederation 
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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

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  • Jonathan Steinberg

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