Switzerland

An Alternative Model
  • Jonathan Steinberg

Abstract

Is Switzerland a multinational state? At first glance the answer must seem obvious. If language defines nationality, then a federation of twenty- six little, sovereign republics, where the inhabitants speak four ‘national languages’ (only three are used officially by the federal government), could hardly be anything else. Against that evidence I am going to argue that Switzerland is not a multinational state in the usual sense of the word but an exceptional historic entity which defies easy categories. Switzerland represents an alternative model of European development in which the national state evolved only very recently.

Keywords

Depression Europe Income Expense Trench 

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Notes

  1. 3.
    Raffaele Ceschi, ‘Buoni ticinesi e buoni svizzeri. Aspetti storici di una duplice identità’ in Identità in Cammino a cura di Remigio Ratti e Marco Badan, Locarno: Armando Dadò Editore; Bellinzona: Coscienza Svizzera, 1986, p. 23.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Sophie de Skowronski, Switzerland and the European Community; the EEA Referendum of 1992, Cambridge University M. Phil. Dissertation, 1994, p. 20.Google Scholar
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    Jonathan Steinberg, Why Switzerland? 2nd edn, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1996, p. 46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 12.
    Luigi Maglione was accredited as the first papal nuncio to the Helvetic Confederation on 8 November 1920. For an analysis of the complex negotiations leading to that point, Fabrizio Panzera, ‘Benedetto XV e la Svizzera negli anni della Grande Guerra’, Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Geschichte, Vol.43, No.3 (1993) pp.321 ff. Interview with Ambassador Jenö Staehelin, Bern, 12 April 1991.Google Scholar
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  7. See also Urs Altermatt, Der Weg der Schweizer Katholiken ins Ghetto. Die Enstehungsgeschichte der nationalen Volksorganisationen im Schweizer Katholizismus 1848–1919 (Zurich: Benziger Verlag, 1972).Google Scholar
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    Paul Stadlin, Die Parlamente der schweizerischen Kantone (Zug, 1990) Synoptische Tabellen über Organisation und Verfahren, No. IGoogle Scholar
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    No.51: Madison in Clinton Rossiter (ed.), The Federalist Papers: Hamilton-Madison-Jay, New York, 1961, p. 322.Google Scholar
  10. 47.
    Marko Milivojevic, ‘The Swiss Armed Forces’ in M. Milivojevic and Pierre Maurer (eds), Swiss Neutrality and Security: Armed Forces National Defence and Foreign Policy, Leamington Spa, Berg, 1990, p. 25.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan Steinberg

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