Advertisement

Max Weber, Leo Tolstoy and the Mountain of Truth

  • Edith Hanke

Abstract

Early in 1913, and again in 1914, Max Weber travelled to Ascona, in fulfilment of a promise of legal assistance previously given to Frieda Schloffer-Gross, wife of Otto Gross. As can be seen in Sam Whimster’s essay and Max Weber’s letters from Ascona (see above), this friend of both Max and Marianne sorely needed some support in her struggle for the custody of her son Peter. And so it might seem purely coincidental that Max Weber found himself stranded for several weeks in these ‘realms of the fabulous’.1 This German scholar found himself among dropouts, philosophers of life, and existential reformers; among people who had, either deliberately or out of necessity, placed themselves in opposition to the bourgeois order and had broken with it.

Keywords

Political Sphere Legal Assistance Conscientious Objection German Scholar Russian Revolution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 2.
    See Edith Hanke, Prophet des Unmodernen. Leo N. Tolstoi als Kulturkritiker in der deutschen Diskussion der Jahrhundertwende (Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1993).Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    See Robert Landmann (i.e. Werner Ackermann), Ascona. Monte Veritä. Auf der Suche nach dem Paradies (Zürich: Benziger, 1973), pp. 21ff.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    See H. Szeemann (ed.) Monte Verita. Berg der Wahrheit. Lokale Anthropologie als Beitrag zur Wiederentdeckung einer neuzeitlichen sakralen Topographie, (Milan: Electa Editrice, 1980), p. 62.Google Scholar
  4. 7.
    Observations respectively from L. Frank, Das Ochsenfurter Männerquartett. Roman, (Munich: Kindler, 1965), p. 40Google Scholar
  5. R. Seewald, Der Mann von Gegenüber. Spiegelbild eines Lebens (Munich: List, 1963), p. 173.Google Scholar
  6. 8.
    This was the first impression that Frick made on Hans Gross when visiting Graz in 1909; recorded in E. Hurwitz, Otto Gross. Paradies-Sucher zwischen Freud und Jung (Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp, 1988), p. 233.Google Scholar
  7. 11.
    For a history of Der Weckruf see M. Nettlau, Geschichte der Anarchie Bd. 5.1, (Vaduz: Topos, 1984), pp. 305–6.Google Scholar
  8. 13.
    The decision was made at the meeting of the Congress during Easter 1906; see F. Thies, ‘Streiks und Lohnbewegungen’, Handwörterbuch der Schweizerischen Volkswirtschaft, Sozialpolitik und Verwaltung vol. 3.1 (Bern: Verlag Encyklopädie, 1911), p. 813.Google Scholar
  9. 18.
    M. Green, The Mountain of Truth. The Counterculture Begins. Ascona 1900–1920 (London and Hanover: University Press of New England, 1986), p. 131.Google Scholar
  10. 19.
    L. Frank, Links wo das Herz ist (Munich: Nymphenburger Verlagshandlung, 1952), p. 40.Google Scholar
  11. 25.
    See ‘Aus der Zeit’, Der Sozialist 4 Jg. No. 7 (1 April 1912), p. 56; for Scheidegger’s betrayal see in particular E. Szittya, Das Kuriositäten-Kabinett, (Konstanz: See Verlag, 1923), pp. 101–3.Google Scholar
  12. 34.
    See J. N. Davidov, ‘Max Weber and Leon Tolstoy: Verantwortungs-und Gesinnungsethik’, in J. N. Davidov, P. P. Gaidenko, Russland und der Westen. Heidelberger Max Weber-Vorlesungen 1992, (Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp Verlag, 1995), p. 69.Google Scholar
  13. 35.
    Letter of Gustav Landauer to Margarethe Faas-Hardegger, 27 October 1908, in M. Buber (ed.) Gustav Landauer: Sein Lebensgang in Briefen, vol. 1, (Frankfurt a.M.: Rütten und Loening, 1929), p. 220.Google Scholar
  14. 36.
    See Mark Harda (pseud. M. Faas-Hardegger), ‘Liebe ist aller Wurzel Lust’, Der Sozialist 1 Jg. No. 1 (15 January 1909), p. 4.Google Scholar
  15. 41.
    P. Despoix, ‘Von der Bühne zur Geschichte: Gustav Landauer’, Internationales Archiv für Sozialge schichte der deutschen Literatur 15 Jg. (1990) pp. 146–68.Google Scholar
  16. See also my essay ‘Das “spezifisch intellektualistische Erlösungsbedürfnis”. Oder: warum Intellektuelle Tolstoi lasen’, in G. Hübinger, W. J. Mommsen (eds) Intellektuelle im deutschen Kaiserreich (Frankfurt a.M.: Fischer, 1993), pp. 158–71.Google Scholar
  17. 44.
    Anon., ‘Wir denunzieren’, Der Weckruf 4 Jg. No. 3 (February 1906), p. 4.Google Scholar
  18. 45.
    O. Buek, Der Weckruf 4 Jg. No. 4 (March 1906), p. 4.Google Scholar
  19. 47.
    K. Diehl, ‘Anarchismus’, in L. Elster, A. Weber, F. Wieser (eds) Handwörterbuch der Staatswissenschaften vol. 1 (Jena: Gustav Fischer: 1923), p. 282.Google Scholar
  20. 48.
    Cited in R. Kauffeldt, ‘Die Idee eines ‘Neuen Bundes’ (Gustav Landauer)’, in M. Frank, Gott im Exil Vorlesungen über die Neue Mythologie, 2. Teil (Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp Verlag, 1988), p. 149.Google Scholar
  21. 50.
    G. Landauer, Aufruf zum Sozialismus. Revolutionsausgabe (Berlin: Paul Cassirer, 1919), p. VIII.Google Scholar
  22. 51.
    Landauer in a comment on the article by Ludwig Berndl, ‘Einige Bemerkungen über die Psycho-Analyse’, Der Sozialist 3 Jg. No. 13 (1 July 1911), p. 104.Google Scholar
  23. 52.
    G. Landauer, ‘Tarnowska’, Der Sozialist 2 Jg. No. 7 (1 April 1910), p. 50.Google Scholar
  24. 57.
    Letter of Max Weber to Else Jaffeé, 13 September 1907, in M. R. Lepsius, W. J. Mommsen (eds) Briefe 1906–1908, MWG II/5, (Tübingen: Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1990), p. 402.Google Scholar
  25. 59.
    Contribution to discussion of Ernst Troeltsch’s paper ‘Das stoischchristliche Naturrecht und das moderne profane Naturrecht’, Verhandlungen des Ersten Deutschen Soziologentages vom 19–22 Oktober 1910 in Frankfurt a.M. (Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1911), p. 200.Google Scholar
  26. 62.
    P. Honigsheim, ‘Max Weber in Heidelberg’, in R. König, J. Winckelmann (eds) Max Weber zum Gedächtnis (Cologne: Westdeutscher Verlag, 1963), pp. 240ff.Google Scholar
  27. 63.
    For the essay see the introduction to W. J. Mommsen (ed.) Max Weber: Zur Russischen Revolution 1905. Schriften und Reden 1905–1912, MWGI/10, (Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1989), p. 24Google Scholar
  28. Marianne Weber, Max Weber. A Biography (New Brunswick, N.J.: Transactions, 1988), p. 104.Google Scholar
  29. 67.
    Max Weber, ‘Bourgeois Democracy in Russia’, The Russian Revolutions, translated and edited by G. C. Wells and P. Baehr (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1995) p. 141, n. 194.Google Scholar
  30. 68.
    Ibid., p. 52; see in this connection ‘Politics as a Vocation’, in W. G. Runciman (ed.) Max Weber. Selections in Translation (London: Cambridge University Press, 1978), pp. 216–7.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edith Hanke

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations