Food Production and Food Distribution Programmes in the Philippines during the Japanese Occupation

  • Ricardo Trota Jose
Part of the Studies in the Economies of East and South-East Asia book series (SEESEA)


One of the enduring impressions of the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines, particularly in Manila and other cities, is the shortage of food. Rice and other basic foodstuffs became increasingly difficult to find, and when food was available it was often at prices that ordinary people could not afford. This chapter examines various production and distribution plans evolved during the Japanese occupation, and discusses the reasons for their lack of success.


Executive Order Food Programme Civil Affair Official Gazette Japanese Occupation 
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  1. 11.
    Buencamino, ‘Manila Under the Japanese’, BAHC, 7, 3: 11–15; 6th PHCAR, p. 102; Yomiuri Shimbun interview with Taichi Uzaki, Shôwa Shi no Tennô, vol. 11, p. 30; Tribune, 10–14, 15, 23 Jan. 1942.Google Scholar
  2. 29.
    Mutsuo Sumeragi, Ruson Sen to Finpinjin (Tokyo: Rakuyu Shobo, 1981), pp. 48–50; interview with Sumeragi, 21 May 1993.Google Scholar

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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1998

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  • Ricardo Trota Jose

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