Public enterprise has long been an important part of the public sector in most developed or developing countries, but, with privatisation, the size and importance of the sector is declining. It now seems in some danger of disappearing altogether as countries have rapidly moved away from government production through public enterprise. There are two reasons for looking at public enterprise as part of public sector management. First, the sector is particularly important for arguments about the scope of government activity and the debate and outcome of privatisation of public enterprise has implications for the public sector as a whole. Secondly, public enterprises pose particular management problems even compared to the rest of the public sector, most noticeably the control and accountability of government organisations aiming to make money.
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