Abstract

The province of Punjab in 1872 was one of the eight major provinces of British India, created after the annexation of the former territories of the Sikh ruler in 1849. It consisted of all the territory from Delhi in the east to the Indus River in the west. The North-West Frontier Province was separated from Punjab to constitute a separate province in 1901, and Delhi was separated from it in 1911.1 When I use the term Punjab province, I am referring to that area which constituted the province of Punjab from 1872 to the time it was redefined, after 1901 and 1911.

Keywords

Income 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Tom G. Kessinger, Vilyatpur, 1868–1968 ( Berkeley: University of California Press, (1974), p. 9.Google Scholar
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    O. H. K. Spate, India and Pakistan: A General and Regional Geography ( London: Methuen and Co. Ltd., 1954 ), p. 148.Google Scholar
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    J. S. Grewal, The Sikhs of the Punjab, Vol. II, Ch.3, in The New Cambridge History of India ( Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990 ), pp. 9–27.Google Scholar
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    Thomas Metcalf, The Aftermath of Revolt ( Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1964 ), pp. 249–50.Google Scholar
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    David Washbrook, ‘Law, State, and Agrarian Society in Colonial India’, Modern Asian Studies, 15: 3 (1981), 652.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Denzil Ibbetson, Punjab Castes ( Delhi: Low Price Publications, 1993 ), p. 16.Google Scholar
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    C. L. Tupper, Punjab Customary Law (Calcutta: Government Printing Press, 1881 ), Vol. II, p. 78.Google Scholar
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  10. 25.
    David Lelyveld, Aligarh’s First Generation ( Princeton: Princeton University Press, (1978), p. 30.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dushka Saiyid 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dushka Saiyid
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of HistoryQuaid-I-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan

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