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India

Chapter

Abstract

In 1991, the Indian government initiated a comprehensive market-oriented reform programme. At the core of the programme was a phased deregulation of the financial sector, along with reforms of trade and industrial policies. Important elements of the financial liberalization programme were a lifting of several interest rate ceilings in both credit and bond markets, an easing of requirements that had made it mandatory for banks to hold a part of their portfolio in non-interest-bearing reserves and low-yielding government securities, a partial dismantling of barriers to entry into the banking sector and greater freedom given to banks to close unviable branches in rural and semi-urban areas. Along with the liberalization measures was a move to introduce a regulatory mechanism that could ensure the safety and solvency of the financial sector in the deregulated environment.

Keywords

Interest Rate Commercial Bank Capital Inflow Development Bank Treasury Bill 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© International Development Research Centre 1998

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