Advertisement

The Qing Dynasty before the Opium War: Learning, Prosperity and Stability

  • Wei-Bin Zhang

Abstract

It is not easy to analyse historical processes when multiple shaping forces interact in a complicated way over time and space, as is the case in China’s history. To help us we may use Mao’s idea of major contradiction as well as the more scientifically sophisticated ‘slaving principle’ (Haken, 1977; Zhang, 1991). To understand the complexity of China’s modernisation, and conflicts between China and the West, it is essential to note that during the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911) the (majority) of Chinese had been governed by the (minority) of ‘foreigners’, the Manchus. This explains why the overriding consideration of the dynasty, before the collapse of the Qing, had always been related to how to maintain Manchu control.

Keywords

Qing Dynasty Chinese Official State Ideology Civil Service Examination Qing Government 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Wei-Bin Zhang 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei-Bin Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Swedish Institute for Futures StudiesStockholmSweden

Personalised recommendations