South Africa

  • Deon Geldenhuys


Having introduced our study with examples of past and present foreign political engagement in South Africa, it is only appropriate that the first case study should deal with this country. More importantly, South Africa provides an outstanding example of first confrontational and then cooperative international engagement in a state.


Security Council United Nations Development Programme Political Violence Liberal Democratic Party African National Congress 
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  1. 1.
    On the UN’s role, see The United Nations and Apartheid 1948–1994, Department of Public Information, UN, New York, 1994. Also see the excellent bibliographies on South Africa’s foreign relations compiled and published by the South African Institute of International Affairs in Johannesburg, including Gail L. Rogaly, South Africas Foreign Relations, 1961–1979 (1980)Google Scholar
  2. Elna Schoeman, South Africa’s and the United Nations (1981)Google Scholar
  3. Jacqueline A. Kalley, South Africas Foreign Relations, 1980–1984 (1984)Google Scholar
  4. Jacqueline A. Kalley, Pressure on Pretoria: Sanctions, Boycotts and the Divestment/Disinvestment Issue, 1964–1988 (1988), and Elna Schoeman, South Africa Sanctions Directory 1946–1988 (1988).Google Scholar
  5. 2.
    2. See Jan C. Heunis, United Nations versus South Africa: A Legal Assessment of United Nations and United Nations Related Activities in Respect of South Africa, Lex Patria, Johannesburg, 1986.Google Scholar
  6. 3.
    Peter R. Baehr and Leon Gordenker, The United Nations: Reality and Ideal, Praeger, New York, 1984, p. 110.Google Scholar
  7. 11.
    Martin Holland, The European Community and South Africa: European Political Co-operation under Strain, Pinter Publishers, London, 1988, pp. 74–94.Google Scholar
  8. 13.
    13. Commonwealth Group of Eminent Persons, Mission to South Africa: The Commonwealth Report, Penguin Books for the Commonwealth Secretariat, Harmondsworth, 1986, pp. 142–5.Google Scholar
  9. 14.
    14. Carole Cooper et al., Race Relations Survey 1987/88, SA Institute of Race Relations, Johannesburg, 1988, pp. 706–7. The present author participated in two other meetings of this kind held in 1988: in Williamsburg, Virginia (sponsored by the Institute for Contemporary Studies of San Francisco) and Leverkusen, West Germany (sponsored by Idasa and West Germany’s Naumann Foundation). The proceedings of the Williamsburg conference were published: Michael Briand (ed.), Dialogue in Williamsburg: The Turning Point for South Africa? ICS Press, San Francisco, 1989. Some of the papers of the Leverkusen meeting were published by Idasa, Cape Town, in 1989.Google Scholar
  10. 20.
    See Douglas G. Anglin, South Africa: The Transition to Democracy, South African Council of Churches, Johannesburg, 1994, pp. 24–8.Google Scholar
  11. 26.
    Deon Geldenhuys, ‘The foreign factor in South Africa’s 1992 referendum’, Politikon, Vol. 19(3), December 1992, pp. 45–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 27.
    Quoted by Deon Geldenhuys, ‘The changing nature of foreign involvement in South Africa’, South Africa International Vol. 23(4), April 1993, p. 149.Google Scholar
  13. 36.
    Deon Geldenhuys, ‘Rethinking foreign intervention: South Africa as a case study’, Strategic Review for Southern Africa, Vol. 15(1), May 1993, p. 10.Google Scholar
  14. 44.
    Douglas G. Anglin, ‘International monitoring of the transition to democracy in South Africa, 1992–1994’, African Affairs, Vol. 94(374), January 1995, pp. 524–34.Google Scholar
  15. 63.
    The Star, 6, 7 and 8 April 1993, and Hugh Murray, ‘South Africa finds a friend in the world’s greatest speculator’, Leadership (Cape Town), Vol. 12(2), 1993, pp. 14–19.Google Scholar
  16. 85.
    Ron Gould, ‘Towards free and fair elections’, In Focus (Human Sciences Research Council of South Africa), Vol. 2(9), February/March 1994, p. 4.Google Scholar
  17. 103.
    The Star, 20 April 1994; The Citizen, 20 April 1994; Sunday Times, 24 April 1994; and Gavin Evans, ‘Mr Okumu, God, and the strange case of the King’s land’, Leadership, Vol. 13(4), 1994, pp. 96–102.Google Scholar
  18. 110.
    Joseph Hanlon, ‘Acceptable — but was it fair?’, African Agenda, Vol. 1(4), 1995, P. 9.Google Scholar
  19. 126.
    Quoted by James Barber, South Africa in the Post-Cold World, Bradlow Series 8, South African Institute of International Affairs, Johannesburg, 1996, p. 39.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Deon Geldenhuys 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deon Geldenhuys
    • 1
  1. 1.Rand Afrikaans UniversityJohannesburgSouth Africa

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