Arthur Schopenhauer

  • Jenny Teichman


Arthur Schopenhauer, who is generally known as “the philosopher of pessimism”, was born in Danzig in 1788 and died in Frankfurt in 1860. He was the son of a rich merchant, a fact which enabled him to devote his life to writing and private study.


Actual World Ultimate Reality Kantian Philosophy Private Study Real Material World 
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  1. F.C. Copleston, Arthur Schopenhauer: Philosopher of Pessimism, London: Burns, Oates & Washbourne 1946.Google Scholar
  2. Arthur Schopenhauer, The Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason, tr. E.F.J. Payne, La Salle, Ill.: Open Court: 1974.Google Scholar
  3. Arthur Schopenhauer, On the Freedom of the Will, tr. R.J. Kolenda, New York: Bobbs-Merill 1960.Google Scholar
  4. Arthur Schopenhauer, Essays and Aphorisms, tr. R. Hollingdale, Harmondsworth: Penguin 1983.Google Scholar
  5. Arthur Schopenhauer, The World as Will and Representation (2 volumes), tr. E.F.J. Payne, New York: Dover 1969.Google Scholar

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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1998

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  • Jenny Teichman

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