Introduction: France, the EU and the World
In 1988, when President Mitterrand made his New Year’s Eve broadcast to the nation, his message seemed simple but was profoundly ambiguous: Trance is our homeland, but Europe is our future.’ In the September 1992 referendum, faced with the simple choice of ratifying or rejecting the Maastricht Treaty, French citizens acted with similar ambiguity: just under 50 per cent of those who voted cast their votes against further European integration, but opinion polls revealed that the issues which preoccupied the voters at that time were as much domestic as European. Under President Chirac, as during previous presidencies, there remains much ambiguity and confusion about the impact and effects of membership of the European Union on France. The election of a socialist government in 1997 confirmed that the profound ambivalence among elites and voters alike about the costs and benefits of EU membership is still unresolved.
KeywordsEurope Income Expense Fishing Stake
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.