Eastern Europe: patterns of the past



Many people in Western Europe had a remarkable drive to work on the morning of Friday 10 November 1989. They heard on their car radios that the Berlin Wall had been opened the night before, that thousands of jubilant East Germans had passed into West Berlin. There were scenes of rejoicing at the Brandenburg Gate, champagne corks popped, cars hooted as they drove in slow procession down the West Berlin Kurfürstendam. Within weeks other communist regimes in Eastern Europe collapsed, and within eighteen months the former USSR itself broke up, and its twin military and economic arms — the Warsaw Pact and Comecon — were disbanded.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Berliner, Joseph (1957) Factory Manager in the USSR, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Granick, David (1955) Management of the Industrial Firm in the USSR: Study in Soviet Economic Planning, New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Granick, David (1960) The Red Executive: A Study of the Organization Man in Russian Industry, New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  4. Granick, David (1972) Management Comparisons of Four Developed Countries: France, Britain, US, and Russia, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  5. Lawrence, Paul R. and Vlachoutsicos, Charalambos A. (eds), Behind the Factory Walls: Decision Making in Soviet and US Enterprises, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Business School.Google Scholar
  6. Lawrence, Peter (1996) Management in the USA, London: Sage.Google Scholar
  7. Milanovic, B. (1990) Privatization in Post-Communist Societies, mimeo, Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  8. Wandycz, Piotr (1992) The Price of Freedom, London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Peter Lawrence 1998

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations