New Tribalisms pp 212-236 | Cite as

Multiculturalism and Universalism: A History and Critique

  • John Higham
Part of the Main Trends of the Modern World book series (MTMW)


Two distinct demands for greater equality run through the history of the Western world in the twentieth century. One opposes discrimination against people on grounds of race, ethnicity, gender, or physical condition. These inescapably given traits are commonly understood as personal, as internal, as part of the very substance of who we are. To use them as devices or reasons for subordinating outgroups affronts our sense of equal justice. Recognition of a moral equivalence of endowment is therefore a fundamental objective in modern society.


York Time Civic Education Ethnic Study Cultural Pluralism Black Nationalism 
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Copyright information

© Johns Hopkins University Press 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Higham

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