The Longstanding Russian and Soviet Debate over Sheikh Shamil: Anti-Imperialist Hero or Counter-Revolutionary Cleric?

  • Bülent Gökay


An exceptional geographical situation has given the North Caucasus a role which has always transcended its borders. As a result of the historical changes which have taken place in the last two centuries, the borders of the North Caucasus now run along the Kuban and Kuma rivers in the north, and approximately along the principal range of the Caucasus mountains in the south. To the west and east the North Caucasus is bounded by the Black and Caspian seas respectively. It lies between two continents right at the junction of historical trade routes. The North Caucasus has at all times been a point where the civilizations of West and East met and mingled.


Communist Party Resistance Movement Soviet Policy Mountain People Russian Army 
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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1998

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  • Bülent Gökay

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