The Clink of the Hammer was Heard From Daybreak till Dawn: Gypsy Occupations in Western Europe (Nineteenth-Twentieth Centuries)

  • Leo Lucassen


Many children’s books in Western European countries portray people living in caravans and performing those trades associated with fairs and circuses, but services provided by knife-grinders and chairbottomers also appear regularly in literature written for children. People have been and still are confronted with all kinds of itinerant occupations in their daily life: showpeople who go from fair to fair, musicians, conjurers, jugglers, acrobats and others who perform their activities in the streets of big cities, collectors of scrap metal, and so on.


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Copyright information

© Leo Lucassen, Wim Willems and Annemarie Cottaar 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leo Lucassen

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