Elite Strategy and Regime Type in Southeast Asia
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A vast literature has accumulated about democratic preconditions, transitions, and consolidation in developing countries, highlighting the centrality of these themes in comparative politics today (e.g., Diamond et al., 1990; Huntington, 1991; O'Donnell et al., 1986; Rueschemeyer et al., 1992). Among students of Southeast Asian politics, however, the utility of comparative methods and democratic perspectives has been less clear. It is commonplace that Southeast Asia, historically at the crossroads of diverse political, economic, and social currents, limits analysis to country-specific studies and narrow ad hoc explanations. Moreover, in even those few countries where democratization has recently taken place (i.e., Thailand and the Philippines), it remains unconsolidated. Other countries in the region have avoided a significant opening altogether.
KeywordsAuthoritarian Regime Regime Type National Leader Opposition Parti Elite Strategy
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