The Cultural Roots of “Guerrilla Capitalism” in Taiwan
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The model of the East Asian developmental state brings together political economy theories and area studies in what appears to be a creative synthesis. On the theoretical plane, strong state leadership has been seen as vital for promoting development because of the special economic and political problems facing "late industrializing" nations (Evans et al., 1985; Gerschenkron, 1962). In terms of area studies, East Asia's rapid economic growth has generally been attributed to strong states and the economic leadership that they (Hong Kong excepted) exercise (Amsden, 1989; Haggard, 1990; Hofheinz and Calder, 1982; Johnson, 1982; Wade, 1990). Strong states that are fairly autonomous from their societies and, thus, able to implement dynamic developmental programs are encouraged, furthermore, by several facets of Confucian culture (Hofheinz and Calder, 1982; Pye, 1985). Thus, East Asia's recent economic success seems to reflect a fortuitous confluence of cultural legacies and the structural imperatives of the contemporary global economy.
KeywordsSmall Firm Chinese Culture Established Firm Secret Society Confucian Culture
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