Introduction: Women and Empowerment — Some Illustrative Studies

  • Haleh Afshar
Part of the Women’s Studies at York book series (WSYS)


As development studies moves towards a more integrally gendered approach, issues of empowerment and advocacy come to the foreground. Academic women and practitioners are now aware of the need for them to act as facilitators to articulate the perceived needs of the poorest women as formulated by them themselves. The discipline is shifting away from grand paradigms and panaceas to the specificities and differentiated needs of differing groups in different places. Yet the questions of politics, power, violence against women and strategic use of scarce resources remain paramount.


Iranian Woman Academic Woman Economic Participation Empowerment Process Gender Approach 
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  1. Harstock, N. (1985) Money, Sex and Power: Towards a Feminist Historical Materialism. Boston: Northeastern University Press.Google Scholar

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© Haleh Afshar 1998

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  • Haleh Afshar

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