Legitimacy and the Fall of Yugoslavia: the Crisis of the 1980s

  • John Williams

Abstract

The 1980s was a decade of great international change, ranging from the second Cold War, through a new era of détente and ending with the spectacular collapse of communism in Eastern Europe. In the international economy, the debt crisis caused a ‘lost decade’ of development in the Third World and the growing influence of the international financial institutions carried a new economic liberal orthodoxy around the world, reinforced by the Uruguay Round of the GATT negotiations aiming at an ambitious liberalization of international trade.

Keywords

Economic Crisis Europe Coherence Alba Decen 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. Pedro Ramet, ‘Apocalypse Culture and Social Change’, in Yugoslavia in the 1980s, Pedro Ramet (ed.) ( Boulder: Westview, 1985 ), 5.Google Scholar
  2. Harold Lydall, Yugoslavia in Crisis ( Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989 ), 4.Google Scholar
  3. Phyllis Auty, Tito: a biography ( London: Longman, 1970 ), 246–63.Google Scholar
  4. Othmar Nicola Haberl, ‘Yugoslavia and the USSR in the Post-Tito Era’, in Yugoslavia in the 1980s, Ramet (ed.), 277.Google Scholar
  5. 3.
    This account of Yugoslavia, Afghanistan and the NAM relies principally on Zachary T. Irwin, ‘Yugoslav Nonalignment in the 1980s’, in Yugoslavia in the 1980s, Ramet (ed.), 257, 262, 265.Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    Fred Singleton, ‘Yugoslavia’s Defence and Foreign Policy in the Context of Non-Alignment’, in Yugoslavia’s Security Dilemmas: Armed Forces, National Defence and Foreign Policy Marko Milivojevic, et al. (eds) (Oxford: Berg, 1988), 189–91 on the decline of the importance of the NAM to Yugoslav foreign policy after the invasion of Afghanistan and the rise of the ‘radicals’, led by Cuba, who sought to take the movement closer to the Soviet Union.Google Scholar
  7. 6.
    Stephen K. Pavlowitch, The Improbable Survivor: Yugoslavia and Its Problems, 1918–1988 (London: C. Hurst and Co., 1988), 119–23. Singleton, ‘Yugoslavia’s Defence and Foreign Policy,’ 189–91.Google Scholar
  8. Bruce MacFarlane, Yugoslavia: Politics, Economics and Society ( London: Pinter, 1988 ), 184–93.Google Scholar
  9. 10.
    Peter Ferdinand, ‘Yugoslavia—Beyond the Beginning of the End?’ Journal of Communist Studies 6 (1990): 101–2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 11.
    Slovenia’s movement towards a multi-party system and market economy with a strongly European outlook is a strong feature in Bogomil Ferfila, ‘Yugoslavia: Confederation or Disintegration?’ Problems of Communism 40 (1991).Google Scholar
  11. Also Carole Rogel, ‘Slovenia’s Independence: a Reversal of History’, Problems of Communism 40 (1991).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A valuable account of the developments within the JNA at this time and their move towards the position of Serbian leader Milosevic is Lenard J. Cohen, Broken Bonds: the Disintegration of Yugoslavia ( Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1993 ), 181–92.Google Scholar
  13. 19.
    There is a useful, chronological account of the rise of Serb nationalism in the 1980s in V. P. Gagnon, Jr., ‘Yugoslavia: Prospects for Stability,’ Foreign Affairs 70 (1991).Google Scholar
  14. 24.
    This process began in 1988 and was completed when Kosovo’s and Vojvodina’s parliaments were forcibly closed in 1990. Dennison Rusinow, ‘Yugoslavia: Balkan Break-Up?’ Foreign Policy, No. 83 (1991): 150–1.Google Scholar
  15. 29.
    John Gerard Ruggie, ‘International Regimes, Transaction and Change: Embedded Liberalism in the Post-War Economic Order’, in International Regimes, Stephen D. Krasner (ed.) ( Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1983 ), 198.Google Scholar
  16. 52.
    Whilst over-stating the case the importance of Yugoslavia’s debt is highlighted by Michael Barrat Brown, ‘The War in Yugoslavia and the Debt Burden’, Capital and Class, No. 50 (1993).Google Scholar
  17. 65.
    See above, 2.7. Also R. B. J. Walker, Inside/Outside: International Relations as Political Theory ( Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993 ).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© John Williams 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Williams
    • 1
  1. 1.University of AberdeenUK

Personalised recommendations