Representative Government and the Basic Law
It is ironical that the introduction of democratic reform in Hong Kong only really started to be put into effect once the British Government had decided to allow the colony to revert to Chinese sovereignty. It was the statement incorporated at the last minute into the Joint Declaration, to the effect that ‘the legislature of the Hong Kong SAR shall be constituted by elections’ and that ‘The executive authorities shall abide by the law and shall be accountable to the legislature’ which prepared the way for such a course of action. From the shelving of the Young Plan, which had been introduced in 1945, the British and the Hong Kong-British Governments had consistently back-pedalled on the issue of constitutional reform.
KeywordsWhite Paper Chief Executive Electoral College Direct Election Constitutional Reform
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